Vintage 5.75X4.25 card containing an untranslated German on both sides of the card signed at the conclusion by Hermann Hogeback. In very good condition. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German language: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords were awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. His last service position was Geschwaderkommodore (wing commander) of Kampfgeschwader 6 (KG 6-6th Bomber Wing). Born in 1914, Hogeback joined the military service of the Wehrmacht in 1934. He transferred to the Luftwaffe in 1935 and following flight training and service with various bomber wings he volunteered for service with the Condor Legion in the Spanish Civil War. During World War II he fought in the Invasion of Poland, Battle of France, Operation Weserübung, the German invasion of Norway, Battle of Britain, Battle of Crete, siege of Malta, Mediterranean theatre of operations, over the Eastern Front and in Defense of the Reich. By the end of hostilities, Hogeback’s bomber crew held the unique distinction that every member-radio operator, combat observer and air gunner-was decorated with the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross. At the outbreak of World War II on 1 September 1939, Hogeback was back with III. /LG 1 where he flew the He 111 in combat missions in the Invasion of Poland. His Gruppe (group) converted to the then new Junkers Ju 88 at the beginning of 1940. He flew further combat missions in the Battle of France. In summer of 1940 he flew missions against England in what would become the Battle of Britain, including 28 missions over London. /LG 1 was relocated to Sicily for operations in the siege of Malta and on 20 January 1941 he was appointed Staffelkapitän (squadron leader) of the 8. On one of his first missions in the Mediterranean theatre he was credited with the sinking of a 10,000 gross register tons (GRT) freighter. His Ju 88 came under attack from 12 British fighters during an aerial reconnaissance flight over the Mediterranean Sea in July 1941. The British fighters broke off the attack following aerial combat, during the course of which Hogeback’s radio operator Feldwebel (Sergeant) Willy Lehnert managed to shoot down two of the attackers. On 8 September 1941, after 163 combat missions, Oberleutnant Hogeback received the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) from the hands of Fliegerführer Afrika Generalleutnant (Lieutenant General) Stefan Fröhlich at Derna in North Africa. On 20 February 1943, for his leadership of III. (Kampf)/LG 1, Hogeback was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub), the 192nd German soldier so honoured. The award was presented at the Wolf’s Lair, or Wolfsschanze (Führer Headquarters, at Rastenburg, East Prussia) in early March 1943. Hogeback together with Hauptmann Erwin Fischer, an aerial reconnaissance pilot with Fernaufklärungs-Gruppe 121 (Long-range Reconnaissance Group 121), received the award directly from Adolf Hitler. At this presentation Hitler commented that eligibility for high awards was most difficult to achieve for reconnaissance pilots, next were the bomber pilots, and last and most easy for the “fine gentlemen” from the fighter force. Hitler then said that this procedure would be changed before inviting them to tea along with Luftwaffe adjutant Oberst Nicolaus von Below. On 12 August 1943 Hogeback was appointed to succeed Oberst Walter Storp as Geschwaderkommodore (Wing Commander) of Kampfgeschwader 6 (KG 6-6th Bomber Wing) and was promoted to Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel) with effect from 1 May 1944. On 18 October 1944 KG 6, along with Kampfgeschwader 27 (KG 27-27th Bomber Wing), Kampfgeschwader 30 (KG 30-30th Bomber Wing) and Kampfgeschwader 55 (KG 55-55th Bomber Wing) were subordinated to the newly formed IX. KG 6 received the suffix “J” to its name-J stands for Jagd (fighter aircraft)-and was now known as Kampfgeschwader (J) 6, denoting its fighter aircraft character. Hogeback ordered all the remaining Junkers Ju 88 and Junkers Ju 188 units transferred to other units. KG(J) 6 then transferred to Prague for conversion to the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter. Between 1943 and 1945 every member of Hogeback’s Junkers Ju 88 crew was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross, making it the most highly and only so decorated crew in the Luftwaffe. Air gunner Oberfeldwebel Günter Glasner-crew member since early 1940-received the Knight’s Cross on 31 December 1943, radio operator Oberfeldwebel Willy Lehnert-crew member since March 1941-on 5 April 1944, and observer Fahnenjunker-Oberfeldwebel Wilhelm Dipberger-crew member since 1940-on 9 January 1945. Following the German capitulation in May 1945, Hogeback was taken prisoner of war by United States Army forces. He was held captive in London, England, and at Sainte-Mère-Église, France, before being released in September 1945. Comes with a full Letter of Authenticity from Todd Mueller Authentics. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Autographs\Historical”. The seller is “toddmuellerautographs” and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Industry: Historical
- Signed by: Hermann Hogeback
- Signed: Yes
- Autograph Authentication: Yes
- Original/Reproduction: Original
- Country/Region of Manufacture: Germany
- Modified Item: No