Horstmann Hand Written Letter Dated 1958. This item is authenticated By Todd Mueller Autographs and comes with their certificate of authenticity. (July 2, 1911 – January 11, 2001) was an American. Whose research on the spread of. In the human bloodstream helped set the stage for the development of the. She was the first woman appointed as a professor at the. Yale School of Medicine. And she held a joint appointment in the. Yale School of Public Health. Horstmann was born on July 2, 1911, in. And earned her undergraduate degree in 1936 from the. University of California, Berkeley. She received her medical training at the. University of California, San Francisco. Earning her medical degree in 1940 and developed an interest in. After hearing lectures delivered by. San Francisco General Hospital. Where she performed her. She performed further training at. Horstmann had initially been rejected from the residency program at Vanderbilt as the school’s chief of medicine. Only choose men to participate. Months later, she received a letter from Morgan asking whether Dr. Horstmann was still interested in the position. He obviously had forgotten that his original reason for exclusion of the applicant was because of gender. She replied with an acceptance of the position. When she showed up for work, Morgan “all but went into shock”, but the year ended successfully. Hired by the Yale School of Medicine in 1942 as a Commonwealth Fellow in the Section of Preventive Medicine, Horstmann specialized in. Horstmann continued her work at Yale with a joint appointment in both the department of pediatrics and the department of epidemiology, which became part of a newly created Yale School of Public Health. She switched her focus to. After working on a polio outbreak in. She worked together on Yale’s polio team with researchers including. Which used an approach they called “clinical epidemiology” to monitor polio outbreaks in. As well as an outbreak in. That was one of the worst in the century. At each site, the team analyzed sanitary conditions in the water supply, collected insects that might be possible vectors, and took blood samples from patients with symptoms and those without, all as part of an effort to identify how the poliovirus was transmitted between people. Overturning the conventional wisdom that the polio virus affected the nervous system directly, Horstmann and her fellow researchers, such as. Discovered traces of poliovirus in the bloodstream, concluding that polio reached the brain by way of the blood. Credited Horstmann with shaking the “widely held feeling that the virus grew solely in nerve cells”. Yale’s medical historian John F. Fulton called Horstmann’s discovery “medical history” and stated that the discovery of how polio was transmitted in the blood was “as exciting as anything that has happened in the Yale Medical School since I first came here in 1930 and is a tremendous credit to your industry and scientific imagination”. Was developed based on this research and Horstmann was able to confirm by the late 1950s that tests of the vaccine conducted in the. Were effective, confirming preliminary results that showed that the vaccine worked and leading to its widespread use in the United States. Horstmann also did research on the clinical epidemiology of the rubella virus. Her work played a significant role in assuring the safety and effectiveness of rubella vaccine Yale chose Horstmann as a full professor in 1961, making her the first woman to receive the position at the medical school. Horstmann was named to an. Chair in epidemiology and pediatrics in 1969. A former president of the. Infectious Diseases Society of America. Horstmann was elected to the. United States National Academy of Sciences. Horstmann died at age 89 on January 11, 2001, in. Due to complications of. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Autographs\Historical”. The seller is “historicsellsmemorabilia” and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, South Africa, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Republic of, Malaysia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Brunei Darussalam, Bolivia, Ecuador, Egypt, French Guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, Liechtenstein, Sri Lanka, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macau, Martinique, Maldives, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion, Vietnam, Uruguay.