This item is certified authentic by Todd Mueller Autographs and comes with their Certificate of Authenticity. Sir Walter Gilbey, 1st Baronet. (2 May 1831 – 12 November 1914) was an. Gilbey was born at. To parents Henry and Elizabeth. His father, the owner (and frequently driver) of the daily. And London, died when he was eleven years old. Walter was shortly placed in the office of an. Subsequently obtaining a clerkship in a firm of. On the outbreak of the. Walter and his younger brother Alfred volunteered for civilian service at the front, and were employed at a convalescent hospital on the. Returning to London on the declaration of peace, the pair took the advice of their eldest brother Henry, a. Wine-merchant, and started in the retail. This included the local. Then levied by the British government on French, Portuguese and Spanish wines made them too costly for English middle classes, and especially lower middle classes, which could only afford. Henry Gilbey believed these classes would gladly drink wine if they could get it at a moderate price. On his advice Walter and Alfred determined to push the sales of colonial, and particularly of. Wines, on which the duty was comparatively light. Financially backed by Henry, they opened a small retail business in a basement in. The Cape wines proved popular, and within three years the brothers had 20,000 customers on their books. The creation of the. Chancellor of the Exchequer. In 1860, followed by the large reduction in the duty on French wines effected by the commercial treaty between England and France in 1861, revolutionized their trade and laid the foundation of their fortunes. Who had been granted the new off-licence, applied to be appointed the Gilbeys agents in their respective districts, and many similar applications followed. These were granted, and before very long a leading local grocer was acting as the firm’s agents in every district in England. The grocer who dealt in the Gilbeys’ wines and spirits was not allowed to sell those of any other firm, and the Gilbeys in return handed over to him all their existing customers in his district. This arrangement was of mutual advantage, and the Gilbeys’ business increased so rapidly that, in 1864, Henry Gilbey abandoned his own undertaking to join his brothers. In 1867 the three brothers secured the old Pantheon theatre and concert hall in. On the banks of the. And became also the proprietors of two large. In 1893 the business was converted, for family reasons, into a private. Of which Walter Gilbey, who in the same year was created a. Sir Walter Gilbey also became well known as a breeder of. And he did much to improve the breed of English horses (other than race-horses) generally, and wrote extensively on the subject. Including the encyclopedic Animal Painters of England From the Year 1650: A brief history of their lives and works. He became president of the. Society, and of the Hunters’ Improvement Society, and he was the founder and chairman of the London Cart Horse Parade Society. He was also a practical agriculturist, and president of the. He was appointed a. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Autographs\Historical”. The seller is “historicsellsmemorabilia” and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped to United States, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Republic of, Malaysia, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Aruba, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts-Nevis, Turks and Caicos Islands, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Bolivia, Ecuador, Egypt, French Guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macau, Martinique, Nicaragua, Peru, Pakistan, Paraguay, Vietnam, Uruguay, Canada, South Africa, Colombia, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Lucia, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Oman, Reunion, Montserrat.
- Original/Reproduction: Original